An enormous quantity and variety of lubricants and oils are produced and consumed around the world. Lubricants are used widely in modern machinery, reducing friction between moving parts (motors, bearings, gears, etc.) and during various stages of the manufacturing process (turning, milling, grinding, etc.)
The simplest example of the use of lubricating oil is in your car.
Motor oil is an integral part of any engine. Oil protects the engine’s components by maintaining a protective coating on their vulnerable parts. The oily coating helps reduce friction and everyday wear and tear, protecting parts against dirt, corrosion and other harmful influences. Oil prevents overheating and whisks away materials such as metal shavings abraded from engine components, as well as soot and ash from burning gasoline.
By way of analogy, motor oil is to an engine what blood is to the human body. In many ways the health of your automobile depends on the properties and qualities of its oil. That is to say, increasing the effectiveness of oil and lengthening its service life poses a problem.
Scientists and engineers are always striving to increase the thermal conductivity of motor oils, the better to protect engines from overheating. Success on their part will improve the quality and performance of automobiles as a whole.
Applying nano-graphene to oils and lubricants (as an additive of up to 1%) doubles the service life of not just the base substance, but the surrounding mechanical components and rubber fittings as well. Gears, bearings and shafts all experience less friction, which reduces energy consumption overall. Accordingly, the engine produces less exhaust and has a reduced impact on the environment.
These insignificant changes in the production of motor oil have the potential to quantitatively improve quality of life in society. Our cars will run longer and break down less often, with oil changes required not every 10,000 kilometers, but every 20,000 or perhaps more.